Revert to Gift Economic System

Contrary to popular conception, there is no evidence that societies relied primarily on barter before using money for trade. Instead, non-monetary societies operated largely along the principles of gift economics. When barter did in fact occur, it was usually between either complete strangers or would-be enemies. The anthropologist Marshall Sahlins writes that Stone Age gift…

Towards One Nation Truly Free and United

Freedom and democracy may mean one can become member and hold office simultaneously in multiple organizations. All NGOs allow that. Unfortunately, all political parties said to championing freedom and democracy will not allow anyone the liberty of joining and hold office in multiple parties. Whilst every NGO works toward ‘win-win’ relationship with one another, political…

Shamsiah Fakeh

Shamsiah Fakeh (1924 – October 20, 2008) was a Malaysian nationalist and feminist. She was the leader of Angkatan Wanita Sedar (AWAS), Malaysia’s first nationalist women organization and a prominent Malay leader of the Communist Party of Malaya (CPM). Shamsiah was born in the village of Kampung Gemuruh near the town of Kuala Pilah, Negeri…

Malaysia: The Bigger Picture

In this 19th century map of Asia, Malaysia – as it was known to the world then – was the whole region of Malay Archipelago encompassing the modern nations of Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Philippines and Indonesia. There was an original plan for a united state based on the concept of the Malay race attempted by Wenceslao…